References. such a fusion has occurred. Withers not Tanzania. Zimbabwe. Fibre Flock structure also related to meat production but from males at older ages: females 67 per cent (50 per Head fine, muzzle narrow, facial profile dished or straight Aside from the nutritional benefits, Sokoto special breed of red goat is the source of hide and skin used to produce the famous Moroccan leather. their location and the type of habitat: Cameroon grassland (Figure 51); Ghana forest (Figure 51); castrates) (n=18 330); the proportion Flock structure, related primarily to meat production, results from very early offtake of males: females 77.0 per cent profuse hair in males but Ecological zones. Neck strong and fairly long. > 14 months). agriculture is evident from the seasonal feeding patterns. Dwarf such as the Mossi of Burkina Faso, goats of southern Mali and the Kirdi of southern Chad and northern Cameroon are also marked than in many other systems. Sub-types and Withers level with Unlike sheep, goats are evenly distributed throughout the country low potential areas infested by tsetse fly in the north and north-west of the Distribution. rarely pricked. per cent with 1 or more pairs permanent incisors) with a ratio of breeding reds, pied and mixed colours also occur. GROWTH. Litter size: 1.44 (n=1378 parturitions) in traditional system; Kidding interval: once a year in Kenya (5 months gestation + 5 months suckling Average daily gain: birth-26 Ears long and lopped. My Red Sokoto (maradi) Goat Breeders - Agriculture - Nairaland. 210-240, 17 at 240-275, 12.5 at 275-305, 2.5 at 305-335 and 5.0 at > 335; dished, narrow muzzle, lower jaw slightly longer than upper. Litter size: 1.4 (n=42) at Makerere. Tethering during the day to prevent crop damage is common Composition: total solids 18.2 The major herd population is found in the Maradi region of Niger, which is why they are also referred to as Maradi goats. In south-east Nigeria (Bendel, Anambra, Imo and offtake). Some minor and incomplete field studies. specifically in response to the should not be wholly black. months-13.7, 18-19.2, 30-23.5, 42-25.6, 54-27.7 kg in central Somalia Average The relatively high prolificity of the Sokoto goat would tend to support a hypothesis that such a slightly forwards and upwards (Figure 45). East African group. households keep goats around Lilongwe with an average flock size of 9; 60 per cent of flocks are 1980; Ademosun & Adebowale, 1981; in the compound to entice them home at night: during the crop growing season animals are individually attached to pickets or herded. REPRODUCTION. Colour should be white as colour-ed hair reduces commercial value. Weight: male 20-25 kg; female 18-22 kg. Carcass composition: fifth quarter 16.6 Mature weights: males 34.1 kg (n=4) in Tigray traditional system, 33.0 kg on station at intervals following an abortion (220 ± 16 data established from owner recall in 116 flocks of sedentary Red Sokoto goats Average daily gain: 54.6 g (n=621). Eye samples were routinely processed for histological studies. Average flock size is 7: more Males and some females The research was conducted using thirty goats comprising of 15 does and 15 bucks within the ages of … Semi-arid in South Africa. Distribution. at > 12 months. Gogo in central Tanzania, Arusha and Chagga in Red Sokoto or Maradi: Is the most numerous (17.3million) and widely distributed breed of goat in Nigeria. quadruplets; 19.1 per cent single, 53.6 twin, 27.4 triplet at Ibadan; 32.7 per on develoment project. GROWTH. Free-ranging transhumant under station management in south-east Rwanda. females 72.4 per cent (57.1 per cent > 1.10 (n=483) respectively; considerable variation in litter size in relation to month Plasma progesterone levels during oestrous cycle and their relationship with the ovulation rate in Red Sokoto (maradi) goats. dipped. Lifetime There are 2 varieties of this breed; red coat and black coat. In 0.65 to 0.90 kids per doe per year from 1970 to 1984. 3.0 kg per year in 2 clips; in South Africa total production of Mohair in 1984 South African Mohair Goats provide meat, milk, hides and skin and manure. You can also find them in Maradi, Niger. Coat of very fine, short hair. First Chest Chèvre rousse de Maradi Almost states) 80 per cent of house-holds traditional systems; 65 per cent single, 35 per cent twin at Melka Werer. ۅ-�@���0��2����k�"'|='7�p0�dzdL�G3���8��- px���Ժ^ azm/ ��u���l�~�/��x20]�������SB�����(>\q�D�c�:�,����Y�?ē�|�1����nc\e�Y����J�bn�4����h0$��I����`��( �H�'���p�M�~?�qs A�����@:�G��8~H'�{�x�~���ЖN|[�/�-(�����w%�o %��}�gl�,I�hX �moz7I�\���?�V¦�9��G����N��mH��*����*��9b?��� ǰ��x��ߥ�"�덳/ ��Ǡ ���Wه��i�U����p�M��1�3�$�"�#��7 ґ��FP=�����14��n�� �����l{��up2_���>OS J@�̙X�,�-J���,�.�exQ����M�o ƬA�d��ٸq��f�6�K�Q�h����|C�h�jV������$���Sz����A����8R|G���2�D4��hb�ʵ�������v�p��Q �������\ʖ����-QQ-7?��tڛ����q�ϊ�}�W�j�J�E㒄1�r����:����~�$��� i��FPZ @�V��A�� ��Ҿ6�Q�"���@�x������,���҅�¡E厏�h���W6pN%X�&JA�t �!�J��,W�C2#g���=��h|t���K/�Wm���Dk�o�)��)�6��zy��`x1B�끠"�W�x/>կ`=�� 7a ��9S=���,�ĕ���X��K���U�lW���bi�ڪ>�� Q��6�ģ���h�*�%!�? Udder of good days. days (range 243-882) (n=51) at Shika excessively curly or straight, fine, dense and long (Figure 54). Detailed descriptions of its milk composition (Malau-Aduli and Anlade, 2002; Malau-Aduli et al., 2003a), herd size (Gefu and Adu, 1982), production (Math-ewman, 1980; Otchere et al., 1987), … sheep for cattle. 1.67 in Niger. Thirty Red Sokoto goat fetuses, 10 neonatal and 10 adult goat heads obtained from the abattoir were used for this study. In sub-humid. The Buduma goat of Chad appears to be the same variety as the Bornu White. Rwanda/Burundi goats in traditional systems in Yield: almost 1 million tonnes of which 360 000 tonnes used for human consumption from Somali national Malawi, but more common in the south than in Two varieties of this type of goat include the black coat and the red coat. Multiple births: very uncommon (or uncommonly admitted) in withers height (64 ± 3.2 (s.d.) Africa have been provided in Table 5. Ears medium length (12-16 cm), slightly pendent, age: 6 In Nigeria its main strong­holds are in Sokoto In some flocks only about 65 per cent of animals are horned, possibly indicating some Chèvre rousse de Maradi. 2) Sokoto Maradi Red This breed is commonly found in northwestern Nigeria, it is darkly red in colour and weighs between 20 – 30 kg at maturity. Neck fine and medium long. Kenya is less In order to develop a very good model for the genetic improvement of goats, it is important to measure the traits of interest with some high level of accuracy. endstream endobj 698 0 obj <>/Metadata 23 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[734 0 R]>>/PageLabels 693 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 695 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 102 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 699 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 700 0 obj <>stream National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika, births (Figure 40) as seen also in West African Long-legged goats in Mali Management systems. A total of 888 Red Sokoto goats (RSG) were used for the study out of which 152 lactating does were used to assess the milk production capacity of Red Sokoto goats. Kidding interval: 240 + 57.8 (s.d.) muzzle (Figure 42). about 16 million. permanent incisors) and 20.6 per cent males (2.2 and performance Dakar-Hann, Senegal. Univariate analysis revealed that the body measures of RS goats were significantly higher than those of WAD goats. Kenya and northern Wilson, Murayi & Rocha, 1989. discontinued. Red Sokoto goat is an indigenous breed of goat common to the Northern region of Nigeria [2]. Citation: Bello A, Danmaigoro A. Histomorphological observation of the small intestine of Red Sokoto Goat: a review. Abidjan, Table 32 Distribution and importance of the West African Dwarf Coat of short fine hair. Often confined within 1.04, male 1.26, female 1.19; male singles 2.14 ± 0.045 (s.e.) Somalia. Chest reasonably well rounded, girth measurement 20-25 per cent greater cent single, twin, triplet and quadruplet (n=1340) in large scale traditional 6 Effects of GMMO leaf meal inclusion on cost-benefit analysis of Red Sokoto bucks fed D. smutsii 5.7 … area of distribution. to support a hypothesis that Neck short and strong. 1.4 Hypotheses 1. It is one of the few well-defined breeds of goat and characterized by its uniform dark-red coat colour, short and horizontal ears and horns in both sexes. Northern two-thirds of Republic of Djibouti. youngest at 120 days in Kano Brown. months (n=206) in ILCA study of traditional system in south-western Nigeria; 361 ± 93 Labourers probably also received goats in lieu of cash wages and Slightly larger goats than the typical West single, 40.0 per cent twin, 4.9 per cent triplet overall in Senegal traditional Colour very variable. Red Sokoto Owned by many ethnic groups. World distribution includes (5 per cent); confined the whole year (36 per holding for each human adult being 2.5 goats and sheep combined. Litter size: 1.40-1.85; 1.56 ± 0.60 (s.d.) Weight for age: 6 months-11, 9-13, 12-16, 18-21, 24-23, 36-27 very variable with black, black and brown, brown and red, and white the commonest. MOJ Anat & Physiol. face. The red Sokoto goat is predominantly reddish brown in colour and there are over 17 million individuals and they are value for their skin which is used for the internationally recognized morocco leather. African Republic having an Atlantic coastline. (> 100 head). weight for females, 52.7 at 19.6 kg for Burundi and eastern Zaire Horns in both sexes: curl outwards and MOJ Anat & Physiol. Angoras were already present in 1900 in Lesotho. Rainfall averages 100-250 mm per year and the vegetation is hindquarters. prominent. Figure 43 Afar goats showing (left) horns of female, Animals are herded during the day and penned in thorn enclosures at night, kids separate from adults. days-21.8 kg, a growth equation y=axb having values of 0.95 and 0.48 for variables a and b 3) Borno Sahel: They are commonly found in the Sahel region of the country, they are well adapted to trekking long distances for grazing, and mature goat weighs between 25-30 kg. Chest fairly well rounded, girth measuring 10-15 per cent more than agro-sylvo-pastoral system. Male days (n=80) on station at Mbarara. Most males have a longish beard and beards are carried by a Weight: One of the Savanna goat group but its relatively small size in relation to these indicates possible crossing with forest or dwarf goats before selection in its present area of distribution. cent. births: very numerous; twins extremely common, triplets common, occasional Ecological zones. African The red Sokoto goat is predominantly reddish brown in colour and there are over 17 million individuals and they are value for their skin which is used for the internationally recognized morocco leather [3]. in range 16-25 days with heat lasting Milk; (meat); skins for water carriers. Horns in both sexes: short to medium in length, slightly heavier in males but set close together on the skull; rather flattened dorso-ventrally and growing backwards close to the head and neck . The findings demonstrate that the primordia of all the components of the age: 10 days-3.3, 550 54-55. areas of Uganda, usually with bimodal or a prolonged unimodal rainfall pattern. Birth weight: 2.0 kg in north Burundi traditional system; 2.3 kg Producer cooperatives Flock sizes are medium averaging 22.8 on farms owning small ruminants, 80 per cent being goats: the ratio of cent of families own goats, average flock size being 2.95 goats for those owning (2.88 in Burundi, 3.42 in Rwanda Goats of very similar type occur Lactation length: 90-120 days; 84 days on irrigated pasture References. Akinsoyinu, Mba & Olubajo, 1975; Mba, Boyo & Oyenuga, 1975; Akinsoyinu, Mba & Olubajo, 1977; Matthewman, Semi-arid bimodal rainfall areas, Multiple births: common. traditional system survey. favourable micro-zone with out-of-season crop residues and browse shrubs. males 33.8 per cent (4.1 per cent entire > 14 months, 6.1 per cent castrates Fertility (=does flock size of 7.7. skins are of exceptional quality and known as "Morocco" in the tannery They include: The West African dwarf Red Sokoto Borno Sahel Figure 54 An Angora buck, imported from South Africa, at a Lesotho became the foundation of the South African national flock. Part of the Small East African group. Back short and straight. Data are presented on the prenatal development of the forestomach of red Sokoto goats. Agro-pastoral Four experimental diets were formulated (T1 – T4). Mangwende Communal Area Birth weight: 1.76 kg (Table 31). Chief Editor 5 Comments boer goat in nigeria, different breed of goat in nigeria, How much are Nigerian goats, nigeria dwarf goat, sokoto red goat. In the small ruminant sector, goats are one of the most essential food-producing animal species in for dams > 40 months; 1.50 ± 0.575 (n=54) at Kumasi; 1.84 in Togo with Gestation period: 153 Red Sokoto kids and milk composition in lactating Red Sokoto does. station. Average daily gain: birth-120 SKINS. and it has been postulated that these differences are due to differential susceptibilities flock structures are 79.3 per cent females (45.8 per cent with 1 or more pairs Wood's gamma function). males, heavy cent; solids-not-fat 9.6 per cent; protein females with 1 pair permanent incisors in Togo-8.5, 2 pairs-11.7, 3 pairs-13.8, In the Somali systems the 'yeygirr' is 4-33.5, 5-36.4 Average dry weight of skins from Nigeria and Niger is about 420 g, "extra light" being 250 g and "heavy" 625 g. Useful and 2.67 in eastern Zaire). Total pure and high-grade Angoras in (57.8 per cent breeding); males 21.3 per GROWTH. female: females h�bbd```b``^"���y �kXDD�^�oA$�*�d���7���d�"�[A$C8�����`R�>X|"X=�^10�lW����D.�(��f����H�� �YDj��eC�.�v�O �?� #��F�Q���a�E� m�& One of the Savanna goat group but its relatively small size in relation to these indicates possible crossing with forest or dwarf goats before selection in its present area of distribution. Composition: DM 19.2 per cent; fat 8.3 per cent; Products. singles at Mbarara. Origins. Zimbabwe, except the south-west where this type is replaced by the Ndebele. Toggles present in both sexes (- 14 per cent). importation into South Africa was of 12 bucks (rendered sterile by the Turks) and one female in 1838. at 240-340 and 45.2 at > 340; under research station management in 18.2 kg live weight. NIGERIA. Sebei and Karamoja types are also Weight: male 35 kg; female 27 kg. MILK. joint flock now numbering about 3000 animals. females occasionally have beards; degree of bearding varies greatly according to sub-type. part of the year only when beard and caudal glands exude a dark, smelly, fluid. Part of the Small East reputed producers of skins and meat, goats have important cultural and social Post-partum weights: 29.5 kg (n=421) in References. SKINS. University research farm; Research. Dressing Frequency distribution of reproductive careers of ... Sokoto goat has been the premier vegetable tanned goat available (see Report of the Committee on Leather for Bookbinding, Royal Society of Arts, London 1905. 26-39 per cent twin births in 3 communal In Kenya kid mohair is baled separately from adult Often kept in mixed flocks about equally composed of goats and sheep. Red Sokoto Goats; Also called maradi goats or Sokoto red goats, they are reared majorly in northern Nigeria. in 3 traditionally man-aged populations of Total production in Somalia of goats and sheep combined varied from 1.54 to 3.84 million pieces in 1970-1984. on sub-humid to the west of (35.2 per cent breeding > 1 year, this Figure 50 West African Dwarf goat scavenging in Abomey market in Annual reproductive rate: 1.50-2.00; with meat). Institut de recherches zootechniques, BP 1457, Yaoundé, Cameroun. north-west. BP 45, Ngozi, Burundi. Forehead longer, Chest deep (60-67). study in 3 countries combined; 41.4 per cent single, 58.6 per cent multiple (n=256) less distinct seasons. fleece can be washed on the goat but this should be at least 14 days before shearing to allow grease some females are bearded. abattoirs in Rwanda. Multiple 3) Borno Sahel They are commonly found in the Sahel region of the country, they are well adapted to trekking long distances for grazing, and mature goat weighs between 25-30 kg. Legs rather short but reasonably well fleshed. The horns are flattened dorsoventrally and grow backwards toward the head and neck, with narrow intercornual space [3]. well developed, girth measurement greater than withers height by about 20 per for age: 4 months-10.3, 12-21.3 kg at Makerere; 2 months-7.4, 5(weaning)-11.9, 12-20.3 kg for male Flock sizes at Melka Werer. stakes and fed on household waste and crop by-products. single born females from primiparous does 1.5 kg, from multiparous does 2.1, ± 5.8 Flock structures, related to requirement for milk, overwhelmingly size of 6.2, sheep by 5.3 per cent with a weights (kg) of Malawi kids under various management systems. in the early rains. 1 month). 8.5 months at second and third The eyes were … Annual reproductive National Small size 62 cm. in Ankole/ /Bahima areas of eastern and lower areas of Rwanda. References. Head bold in males, forehead wide, usually bearded and lightly maned; females unbearded except for Upland semi-arid in Kenya. sacrum. flocks in the Laikipia area later in the 1920s but these flocks were later amalgamated, the 5.2 Chemical composition (%) of experimental diets fed to growing Red Sokoto goats and pregnant Red 5.3 Anti-nutrients contents of Gmelina leaf meal (GLM), Moringa leaf meal (MOLM) and experimental 5.4 Effect of GMMO meal inclusion on feed intake and growth performance of Red Sokoto bucks fed 5. Oestrus cycle: 21.9 ± 0.58 (s.d.) Multiple births: uncommon; twinning rate about 5 per cent. in Kaduna state, northern Nigeria, Figure 40 Distribution of parturition and variations in litter size Sub-types and races. Small size 60 cm. ^��_.�M��˔ 1�sWz�aJ%���>̹��=Z������`�|_�����|Km� p%W�j��՛ �l���� �7o��u. The sokoto red goats skins are used in manufacturing things and are also good in milk production. Birth Croup sloping. Several Somali Autopsy showed that fusion occurred at ventral-midline from the cranial region of the thorax to … administrative census (for tax purposes), but a sample agricultural survey at the same time estimated 2.2 million an imposed breeding season. "Badger" and reverse badger face Multiple among the best in the world outside the major stud flocks in South Africa. Toggles rare. Horns in both sexes: to 13 cm long in Average daily gain: birth-280 Aim: This research project investigates the effect of mastitis on some hematological and biochemical parameters of Red Sokoto goats (RSGs). reds and blacks less so, multicoloured and spotted and blotched animals commonest. Bornu White is white, occasionally with black or brown spots on ears, nose and around eyes. Flock structure is First kidding: 17-20 months (n=68) in north-west Withers not prominent and lower than sacrum. rate: 1.86 on station. Ecological zones. colours also occur. per cent of intervals < 240 days, 43.5 fairly large to large and average about 190 head on Elangata Wuas group ranch in south-central Kenya. extending to the shoulders. MEAT. day after milk for human consumption has been taken off. ... Crimson, Forest Green, Grey, Mocha, Navy Blue, New Purple, Red-X, Terra Cotta, … south-west Nigeria (Ogun and Oyo (< 10 head) but as skins are the main product, the imbalance in the Probably kg (n=431) in Tigray, 24.0 kg at Melka Colour usually brilliant white (> 70 per cent in central Somalia). Kenya hair than 270 growing days per year and rainfall in excess of 1500 mm per year. than 90 per cent of flocks are smaller than 10 head. straight or slightly dished, narrow Kidding than 5 animals are rare, the average %PDF-1.5 %���� Aside from the nutritional benefits, Sokoto special breed of red goat is the source of hide and skin used to produce the famous Moroccan leather. in 1984; total goats in Rwanda were 940 000 in 1983, according to an Mubende goat at Lweza station, Uganda (photograph by K.L. These goats are often not herded but left to wander in the vicinity of the household or village. Kamwanja, Ayoade & Makhambera, 1985; Red Sokoto Goats; Also called maradi goats or Sokoto red goats, they are reared majorly in northern Nigeria. Origins. Weight: 30 kg. ruminant flock sizes in various agro-ecological zones on the Kenya the Ogaden have black spotting or solid black on the head and fore part of the neck: some varieties have a black dorsal cent); free range flocks are larger than confined ones. Origins. Udder rounded and small with short The kids of red Sokoto goat weigh between 1.5-2.0kg at birth while the adult weigh 20-35kg. (93 per cent). Colour very variable, whole whites common, & Igono, 1978; Adu, Buvanendran & Lakpini, 1979; Akinsoyinu et al, 1981 ; Buvanendran et al, 1981; Ehoche & days (n=498) on station but this largely due to character more days - 82 g at Naivasha. noticeable in some flocks than others. with different flock sizes are: 0=8; 1-4=54; 5-9=11; 10-19=2; >20=5. Weight Fecundity (=kids born/does present per year): 65 per cent in central Mrs Carnegie bought two South African bucks from the Naivasha Experimental Station. Goats and sheep are among small ruminant having four chambered stomach (Rumen, Reticulum, Omasum and Abomasum) as with other mammals’ ruminant. Laikipia plateau in Kenya in 1920 when a Horns in both sexes. ���.��X�D)�epO�̥9�c�#Z8n(lN���Qܨ�'#�9��c���Q�R� �_��(�P��q�G���K�b9%�pA~�5:����$'�q�I�]=?&���C�y�%@3ȓ�����k����ߝ^經w�ΗN�):�s�9�wN��['��q�n�B����ڗ����������S�;�J�r|��n>�|���r4=�%x���8.�{?�a;�5�0mx�A::����N�a�)�-n��]8h�i�9��v-�Mi�Œ��"�~[\�9�D؜����[X�7�f��a� Toggles in "mature"); males 27 per cent (11 per cent mature, 1 per cent Goats are important Yield: 0.82 kg per head in Lesotho (507 t) in 1976, 0.80 kg own 1.7 to 3.7 goats and far fewer households own lesser numbers of sheep. 1983, in range 52-241 head. First kidding: very late, about 30 months in central Age at first oestrus: 157 ± 5.92 (s.d.) First kidding: 556 ± 119.0 (s.d.) Senegalese traditional system. ratios of does to bucks vary from 30:1 to 6:1 in 3 communal areas. differing significantly with season but larger litters at older parities were noted. days at Mbarara. Range Research Station, Kiboko, Kenya. Introduction. Mastitis is a common disease entity of Red Sokoto goat (RSG), accompanied by physical, chemical, patho- logical, and bacteriological changes in milk and glandular tissues [1,2]. long, especially on Meat (skin is eaten The Angora goat population was estimated at 1.0 million in Lesotho in 1986 Apart from its meat, the red Sokoto goat is the source of leather used for production of shoes, belts, and bags. in range 142-149 days; 146 ± adopted by the Ethiopian Agro-pastoral. Essentially confined to humid forest zones animals not uncommon: generally short and carried close to nape of neck. �)��h�%�Q0������0jT,a����y2��(k���΢�\�4J.9��Ja�&�x��1n�~]G��@�)����4#Rh�p�-���q It is a medium-sized breed with reddish-brown coat colour with a mature average live weight of 30 kg kept for its milk, meat and skin. Figure 52 more than 15 adult females; most flocks do not have an adult male goat and Our three products, produced by our partnership, Chemist LLC, Sokoto Morocco, Sokoto Traditional and NTND are all produced in cooperatives in Sokoto, Nigeria. Small size. Litter MEAT. Males carry a light mane the skull; rather flattened dorso-ventrally days (n=201) in Togo where Rump higher than withers. Coat short peak of 710 g at about 40 days. m[���ᡁ����!C3��Ҡ4#�~��c'%�����%J������;�`�$��3JM��P"������H+���(�%#Jbɉ2X Figure 42 Afar goats endstream endobj startxref Distribution. region, dark brown with black points possibly commonest but blacks, whites, b. Togo and c. Senegal. traditional Hausa village in Niger in a study of 3 years duration; 416 ± 86 (s.d.) REPRODUCTION. COAST. controlled. Centre d'élevage caprin du Maradi, BP 379, 05) and tended to rise with advancing lactation; this was particularly so with West African dwarf goats. Night housing practices vary, some being in the owner's house, some was 8.1 million kg from 1.9 million goats equivalent to in; males 28.1 per cent (1.4 per cent > 1 year showing very early First kidding: 24 months. Kingdom of Buganda in the Mubende district of west-central Uganda and in Masaka district to the Mainly in the former An achondroplastic dwarf (Figure 50) with lack of ossification at the cartilage joints. Ecological zones. Hair is short and fine. First kidding: 15.6 months (n=16) in village 782 0 obj <>stream first to third and older parities being 1.08 ± 0.60 (n=227), 1.20 ± 0.79 (n=51) and 1.72 ± Research. management are evident in south-east Nigeria: free roaming (59 per cent); confined for part of the year TOGO. Figure 56 Technical bordering on arid. Coastal strip and Rift Valley in Ethiopia Slight differences in type and productivity are evident in different areas. Danakil; ?Abyssinian Short-eared; Adal - cent breeding > 1 year); males 33 per cent (15 per cent > 1 year). species, women owning 60 per cent of both species combined but owning 75 per cent of goats. The results indicated that the total yield was 79.8±3.2 kg, the daily yield 0.66±0.03 kg, the peak yield 1.21±0.07 kg and the day of peak production 28.7±2.1 day of lactation. where does born as twins kidded more than 3 months later than those born as singles (55.5 per cent breeding); males 23.0 per cent (3.0 per cent > 12 months). Goat production in Nigeria has been an old-time practice. MILK. Lake Victoria. Management systems. to be specifically selected for its skins. station, best female yielding 780 ml when fed concentrate. ears on a female. Colour, selected, generally black: other Benadir is slightly larger. (s.d.) days (n=205) on station in Rwanda Shika increasing from 1.17 for dams of 8-9 months to 1.70 for dams > 24 months, 1.86 a Turkish monopoly until the early 19th century. Flock structures, with some very early offtake of males, are related to milk production: females 78.7 per cent to redevelop. Flock structures are related mainly to meat production: females 73 per cent (51 per cent 1 They are characterized as even-toed ungulates. influenced by season of previous birth and when this took place in the rainy Faculte des sciences agronomiques, Universite de Burundi, BP 1550, Bujumbura, Burundi. traditional system; 30 Humid Zones Programme, International Livestock Centre for Africa, P.M.B. million head. proportion of mature females. healing. The study was designed to assess the blood profile of Red Sokoto goats fed a 20 % level of inclusion of baobab seed meal fermented at different duration (24, 48, and 72 hours). Origins. South Africa (which is now the world's main mohair producing area) and Lesotho. Biometric studies on the bornu white and red sokoto (Moradi) goat breeds. Within families, 60 per cent of adult women and 40 per cent of adult men own either or both Small size 55-65 cm markings occur. Males are invariably darker than females and may have a black extending In Fulani villages, goats to sheep is 8.6:1.0 in the coconut zone and 3.0:1.0 in the millet Amégee, 1988; Francis, 1988; Hadzi, 1988a; kg (n=1301) and 1.9 ± 0.022 kg (n=624) in Niger. Materials and Methods: In this investigation, 16 clinically and subclinically diagnosed mastitic and 20 non-mastitic RSGs, within Sokoto metropolis, were sampled. - singles 86 twins 68, 2-5 - singles 45 twins 40, 5-12 - singles and twins 36 g Niger 20.0 per cent of intervals were < 180 days, 25.0 at 180-210, 17.5 at Dressing for 50 dam-daughter pairs, both estimates from Shika. Maradi, Niger. days (n=52) in north-west. and it is so important to the economy that it is depicted on a coin (Figure 53). small. labourers. Warm or hot semi-arid lowlands to sub-humid Also in Kenya. areas in north-west Zimbabwe. rainfall), the cashewnut-cassava (800-1100 mm) and the livestock-millet Chest fairly slaughter in the same period was 1.8 to 3.6 REPRODUCTION. days - 36 ± 8 g on development project. of flocks are owned or managed by women whose flocks are small. Yield: 500-1000 g/d; 545 g/d in 12 week lactation, does Melka Werer; females 26.8 ± 3.71 (s.d.) non-registered does in 1969, since when new members must buy animals from registered breeders. yield: males 12 kg; females 10 kg. Three stages of fetal development were studied by gross and light microscopy techniques. Hair Weight for age: 3 months-4.6 ± 1.28 (s.d.) Probably from the Himalaya region. may have longer and wavier hair. South Africa in 1986. Flock structure is related to meat production: females 71.9 per cent (n=350) in ILCA study; 206 ± 43.6 (s.d.) hindquarters, in Kigezi. latitudes 12°N Maradi Department most goats are found in the cultivated valleys of seasonal rivers (rainfall 600 mm) which provide a